International Approaches

What are the international sources of finance for tropical forest conservation?

How have these tools worked to conserve tropical forests?



Introductory video remarks:

The Green Economy - Incorporating Natural Capital Accountability to achieve Sustainable Investing

Pavan Sukhdev, Founder, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) project

Introduction: REDD+ and other conservation financing instruments

Brian McFarland
Project director,

Brian McFarland is director of’s project portfolio, where he identifies, conducts due diligence, and structures the financial support for carbon projects in the energy efficiency, renewable energy and forestry sectors.

Debt for Nature Swaps and Financing of Tropical Forest Conservation

Dr. Thomas Lovejoy
Biodiversity Chair,
Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment

Thomas Lovejoy is a globally renowned expert in tropical biodiversity and conservation. He coined the term “biological diversity”, originated the concept of debt-for-nature swaps, and has worked on the interaction between climate change and biodiversity for more than 20 years. He is currently a professor at George Mason University and the chair of the Scientific and Technical Panel for the Global Environment Facility. Dr. Lovejoy received a PhD in biology from Yale University.

Governors Climate and Forests Task Force - A Regional Approach to REDD+

João Talocchi
Board Member, Governors Climate and Forests Fund

The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force is a sub-national coalition of states and provinces around the world working to address climate and tropical deforestation. Mr. Talocchi is a Board Member of theGovernors’ Climate and Forests Fund, a non-profit, nimble and transparent climate finance facility which was established by the GCF Taskforce.  Previously he was a delegate to the GCF for Amazonas, Brazil, and was director of the Amazonas State Climate Change Center in Brazil, represented the state for the Amazon Fund, and worked for Greenpeace’s climate change, forest and energy campaigns in Brazil.

Forest Market Failure: A Conceptual Problem

Eric Bettelheim,
CEO and Founder, The Floresta Group

Eric Bettelheim is founder of The Floresta Group, established in 2010 by private investors to design, finance and develop two large forest carbon programms in Indonesia and Brazil. Previously, Mr. Bettelheim established Sustainable Forestry Management (SFM) Ltd., a pioneering company in the development of carbon markets.


Jan McAlpine
Former Director, UN Forum on Forests

As director of the United Nations Division on Forests and head of the United Nations Forum on Forests Secretariat, Jan McAlpine led the official intergovernmental body to coordinate “the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests and to strengthen long-term political commitment”